World Obesity Virtual Issue: Weight bias, body-image and psychological stress factors


World Obesity Virtual Issue: Weight bias, body-image and psychological stress factors

Despite the recognition of obesity as a disease (USA, Canada) or disability (Europe), there is a large body of evidence that people with obesity (PwO) suffer discrimination and stigmatisation. They experience this from society as a whole, employers and health care professionals. Obesity is perhaps the last area of prejudice that remains socially and politically acceptable.

Studies have shown that even by the age of 6 years, children have developed these attitudes. Behind this lies a confusion between mechanisms of weight gain (through positive energy balance related to intake and expenditure) and the causes which are complex relating to gene-environment interactions. Regardless of the causes or mechanisms, the population at large as well as PwO should not expect to be judged, but to be helped to access appropriate preventative public health and medical care where it is needed. There are of course direct links between the stress of social exclusion and stigmatisation, with weight gain and maladaptive behaviours .

The editors of Clinical Obesity, Obesity Reviews, Pediatric Obesity and Obesity Science and Practice have selected here some recent key papers from their journals that explore these areas for a virtual issue on the topic of ‘Weight bias, body-image and psychological stress factors’.

Obesity and discrimination – a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies
J. Spahlholz, N. Baer, H.-H. König, S. G Riedel-Heller and C. Luck-Sikorski
Obesity Reviews

Identification of educational needs in the management of overweight and obesity: results of an international survey of attitudes and practice
L. A. Leiter, A. Astrup, R. C. Andrews, A. Cuevas, D. B. Horn, M. Kunešová, G. Wittert and N. Finer
Clinical Obesity

Cross-national perspectives about weight-based bullying in youth: nature, extent and remedies
R. M. Puhl, J. D. Latner, K. O'Brien, J. Luedicke, M. Forhan and S. Danielsdottir
Pediatric Obesity

Do stressed mothers have heavier children? A meta-analysis on the relationship between maternal stress and child body mass index
E. B. Tate, W. Wood, Y. Liao and G. F. Dunton
Obesity Reviews

A new model of the role of psychological and emotional distress in promoting obesity: conceptual review with implications for treatment and prevention
E. Hemmingsson
Obesity Reviews

What do parents want for their children who are overweight when visiting the paediatrician?
C. Upperman, P. Palmieri, H. Lin, G. Flores and C. B. Turer
Obesity Science & Practice

Body weight dynamics following intentional weight loss and physical performance: the Look AHEAD Movement and Memory Study
K. M. Beavers, R. H. Neiberg, D. K. Houston, G. A. Bray, J. O. Hill, J. M. Jakicic and K. C. Johnson, S. B. Kritchevsky, for the Action for Health In Diabetes (Look AHEAD) Movement and Memory Ancillary Study Research Group
Obesity Science & Practice

Body mass index trajectory throughout adolescence: a comparison of maltreated adolescents by maltreatment type to a community sample
J. U. Schneiderman, S. Negriff, M. Peckins, F. E. Mennen and P. K. Trickett
Pediatric Obesity

The association between childhood sexual and physical abuse with incident adult severe obesity across 13 years of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health
A. S. Richardson, W. H. Dietz and P. Gordon-Larsen
Pediatric Obesity

Food insecurity, food assistance and weight status in US youth: new evidence from NHANES 2007–08
M. J. Kohn, J. F. Bell, H. M. G. Grow and G. Chan
Pediatric Obesity

Regular exercise behaviour in youth is not related to current body mass index or body mass index at 7-year follow-up
C. Huppertz, M. Bartels, C. E. M. van Beijsterveldt, G. Willemsen, J. J. Hudziak and E. J. C. de Geus
Obesity Science & Practice

Impact of weight bias and stigma on quality of care and outcomes for patients with obesity
S. M. Phelan, D. J. Burgess, M. W. Yeazel, W. L. Hellerstedt, J. M. Griffin and M. van Ryn
Obesity Reviews

Systematic review of psychological and social outcomes of adolescents undergoing bariatric surgery, and predictors of success
B. White, J. Doyle, S. Colville, D. Nicholls, R. M. Viner and D. Christie
Clinical Obesity

Exploring women's responses to online media coverage of weight loss surgery
C. Champion, N. Glenn, T. Berry and J. C. Spence
Clinical Obesity