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- IssueVolume 9, Issue 4327-440August 2023
- Pages: 327-328
- First Published: 03 August 2023
Bariatric surgeons' experiences of working in the first year of the pandemic
- Pages: 329-336
- First Published: 27 December 2022
Comparison of weight captured via electronic health record and cellular scales to the gold-standard clinical method
- Pages: 337-345
- First Published: 01 January 2023
We compared the agreement of paired weight measurements from cellular scales versus study scales from a weight loss intervention and from the EHR versus study scales from a weight loss maintenance intervention. We also compared weight change estimates using both remote methods to study collected weight. Both methods can be used as cost-effective and real-world surrogates within a tolerable variability for the gold-standard.
Developing a long-term follow up service for bariatric surgical patients in the community: Patient and professional perspectives
- Pages: 346-354
- First Published: 07 January 2023
People living with bariatric surgery require long-term follow up and monitoring to maintain weight-loss and an improved quality of life. Currently, there is little guidance on service provision in terms of what patients want and need from a service and how this can be integrated into General Practice.
The impact of age and obesity on outcomes among patients hospitalized with COVID-19 in Denmark: A nationwide cohort study
- Pages: 355-363
- First Published: 03 January 2023
With data from the national Danish COVID-19 database COVID-DK, we compared risks of Intensive Care Unit admission (ICU), Invasive Mechanical Ventilation (IMV), and death among patients with and without obesity, including examination of interaction by age. We found an approximately 2-fold increased risk of ICU admission and IMV in younger patients <60 years and a statistically insignificant 20% increased risk of all outcomes in the total population.
Understanding the relationship between subclinical depressive symptoms and physical activity in behavioral weight loss treatment
- Pages: 364-375
- First Published: 05 January 2023
Adult participants with overweight/obesity completed an 18-month behavioral weight loss program. Throughout the program, objectively measured physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior remained similar across all levels of depressive symptoms, although those with elevated depressive symptoms (whether clinical or subclinical) typically perceived/experienced more concurrent barriers related to PA engagement. Baseline depressive symptoms did not, however, moderate the change in PA, sedentary behavior, or PA barriers over time. At baseline, higher discomfort avoidance and lower self-control each acted as a partial mediator of the relationship between higher depressive symptoms and higher barriers to PA.
Health state utilities associated with hyperphagia: Data for use in cost-utility models
- Pages: 376-382
- First Published: 16 December 2022
Hyperinsulinemia is a probable trigger for weight gain and hyperphagia in individuals with Prader-Willi syndrome
- Pages: 383-394
- First Published: 25 January 2023
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is the most frequently diagnosed genetic cause of early childhood obesity and individuals with PWS typically progress through 6 different postnatal nutritional phases during their lifetime. The results of our study suggest elevated insulin signaling may be a trigger for rapid weight gain early-on in PWS. Our results also suggest hyperinsulinemia may promote leptin resistance, leading to development of obesity and hyperphagia later in childhood.
Impact of COVID-19 on a worksite weight loss program for employees with overweight and obesity
- Pages: 395-403
- First Published: 21 December 2022
Weight loss and modeled cost savings in a digital diabetes prevention program
- Pages: 404-415
- First Published: 24 February 2023
Members of a commercially available, fully digital Diabetes Prevention Program achieved weight loss and engagement outcomes during their participation in the program that confer important health benefits and cost savings. A conservative, literature-based cost-savings model demonstrated the potential financial value associated with achieving weight loss and engagement outcomes in a digital DPP.
Importance of self-weighing to avoid post-cessation weight gain: A secondary analysis of the fit and quit randomized trial
- Pages: 416-423
- First Published: 08 March 2023
We found preliminary evidence for a threshold of self-weighing greater than 4 days per week for weight loss and a threshold of self-weighing 3–4 days per week for preventing weight gain among individuals quitting smoking; however, just over a third of participants weighed themselves an average of ≥3 days per week, meaning that most participants in the current study were not meeting the self-weighing threshold necessary for weight maintenance. The Stability condition self-weighed significantly more frequently than the Loss and Bibliotherapy condition, which may have been due to the type of feedback provided in the Stability condition (i.e., color-coded feedback on their weight trajectory and prizes for staying within three pounds of baseline weight). As data like these emerge related to self-weighing for post-cessation weight management, clear recommendations regarding the optimal frequency for self-weighing and self-weighing feedback could be communicated to individuals who are quitting smoking and their health care providers.
Offspring epigenetic markers at birth related to gestational BMI predict offspring BMI-trajectories from infancy to 26 years
- Pages: 424-434
- First Published: 02 January 2023
Ultra-processed foods: Processing versus formulation
- Pages: 435-439
- First Published: 31 December 2022
Correction to “Maternal vitamin D status in relation to infant BMI growth trajectories up to 2 years of age in two prospective pregnancy cohorts”
- Pages: 440
- First Published: 09 February 2023